White Bay cruise terminal: Sydney asset or harbourside error?
|21/04/2019||Posted by admin under 南京夜网||
Steel Architecture at the White Bay Cruise Terminal. Photo: Sherrill Nixon Cruise ships, including the Pacific Pearl (pictured), berthed at White Bay Cruise Terminal have caused concern for local residents. Photo: Wolter Peeters WLP
The White Bay Cruise Terminal. Photo: Wolter Peeters, Wolter Peeters WLP
Earlier this year, the development of a cruise terminal at White Bay was found to be a “serious error” resulting in undeniable air, noise and vibration problems for neighbouring residents.
The NSW parliamentary inquiry into the performance of the Environmental Protection Authority found the facility had received hundreds of complaints claiming these issues were making residents sick.
The cause: cruise liners running their engines while berthed because of a lack of onshore power, not included in the facility’s design brief, and not available at any cruise facility in the southern hemisphere.
It found the decision to move the terminal from Barangaroo to White Bay to be “a serious error”, and noted the EPA “could have taken more proactive and persuasive action” during the approval process for the terminal.
While the facility’s location was found wanting, what the report didn’t do was find fault with the terminal building itself – lauded by many as an inspiring example of how to adapt Sydney’s very precious and increasingly overdeveloped harbourfront land for contemporary use while respecting our unique maritime heritage.
Designed by architects Johnson Pilton Walker (JPW) in response to a competition and brief by the Port Authority of NSW, the terminal last year won the nation’s top commercial architecture prize at the National Architecture Awards, along with a swag of other honours over the past 18 months.
It was “exhilarating, confident and joyful, a great new asset to Sydney’s shoreline”, the national jury found, and acted as “an evocative reminder of Sydney Harbour’s working history”.
JPW director Paul van Ratingen said the building responded directly to the site’s history and site itself – a flat concrete wharf apron bounded by a majestic sandstone escarpment and Balmain on one side and White Bay and the city skyline on another.
“This is a structure and site that’s been adapted over time,” Mr van Ratingen said. “The current transformation is a further, newest iteration or reinvention and the cruise terminal is a continuation of its maritime history.”
Key to the architectural design was a deceptively simple three part strategy.
Most importantly, the architects preserved and used two strikingly handsome industrial remnants: a twin pair of 300 metre long, half-century-old steel gantries, erected in the 1960s for the world’s first international containerised shipping service and slated for demolition since 2003.
The gantries were, the national awards jury said,’ “a powerful reminder of Sydney’s working port and its heroic engineering structures”.
JPW then slung, or inserted, a billowing, wave-like steel canopy between both, lightly draping it over an unencumbered column-free arrival space, designed to be both highly flexible and arrestingly beautiful.
“We looked at wind on ribbon, and leading edge and trailing edge that would give the roof a natural profile against the water,” Mr van Ratingen said.
To anchor the building back into the cliff, they created a series of amenities pods closest to the escarpment, while simultaneously opening it to the city and water views on three sides through full-height glass walls.
“Our brief was to get people off the boat as quickly and efficiently as possible, and this building does that extremely well,” he said. “This is such a legible building. You come off the ship and you know where you are and where you’re going.
The inquiry recommended the terminal be retrofitted with an onshore power source, and for cruise ship operators to develop noise-mitigation strategies.
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This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on Nanjing Night Net.